by Baker J

Treatments for Kidney Stones

Most kidney stones are small enough to eventually pass through the urinary tract without further complications. To facilitate this, your doctor will likely advise you to:
  • Drink 2-3 quarts of water a day.
  • Take pain medication as needed.
  • Take antibiotics if an infection is present or possible.
  • Save the stone (catch in a cup or a sieve during urination). Knowing what kind of stone it is can help you prevent a recurrence.
If the stone does not pass on its own, your doctor has several treatment options. The goals of treatment are to remove the stone and to reduce the chance that you will develop another one.
The treatment and management of kidney stones involve the following:
Lifestyle changesMedicationsSurgeryOther treatments


Coe FL, Evan A, Worcester, E. Kidney stone disease. J Clin Invest. 2005;115(10):2598-2608.
Kidney stones in adults. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: Updated January 28, 2013. Accessed April 16, 2013.
Nephrolithiasis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated March 22, 2013 . Accessed April 16, 2013.
Parmar MS. Kidney stones. BMJ. 2004;328(7453):1120-1124.

Revision Information

Health Library Search

Only show results from the selected categories.

Cystolitholapaxy is a procedure to break up bladder stones into smaller pieces and remove them. Bladder stones are minerals that have built up in the bladder. Ultrasonic ...

Hydronephrosis a build-up of urine in the kidneys. The kidneys swell from the excess urine which cannot drain into the bladder. The condition may affect one or both kidne...

6 Symptoms of Kidney Stones condition indepth
8 Screening for Kidney Stones condition indepth
15 Diagnosis of Kidney Stones condition indepth

Kidney stones are pieces of a stone or crystal-like material. These stones form inside the kidneys or other parts of the urinary tract. The kidneys remove waste from the ...

17 Laser Lithotripsy procedure

Laser lithotripsy is a procedure to break apart kidney stones in the urinary tract. It is done with a ureteroscope passed into the tubes of the urinary tract. Incisions a...

An open ureterolithotomy is a surgery to remove stones from the ureter. The ureter is a tube between the kidney and the bladder. Urine passes down to the bladder through...

Laparoscopic ureterolithotomy is a procedure to remove stones from the ureter. The ureter is a tube between the kidney and the bladder. Urine passes down to the bladder t...

Electrohydraulic lithotripsy is one of many methods to treat kidney stones or bile stones. It uses an electrohydraulic device with a flexible probe to deliver electricity...