by Calvagna M

Risk Factors for Glaucoma

A risk factor is something that increases your likelihood of getting a disease or condition.
It is possible to develop glaucoma with or without the risk factors listed below. However, the more risk factors you have, the greater your likelihood of developing glaucoma. If you have any risk factors for glaucoma, ask your healthcare provider if there is anything you can do to reduce your risk.
Risk factors for glaucoma include:
If someone in your family has glaucoma, your risk of getting glaucoma is increased. Glaucoma may be inherited. However, if someone in your family has glaucoma, you will not necessarily develop the disease.
African Americans, especially after age 40 are at increased risk. Hispanics also have a high risk of developing glaucoma. Asians are more like to develop closed-angle glaucoma than other races.
According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, the risk of getting glaucoma increases after age 50. For African Americans the risk generally increases after age 40. However, glaucoma can occur in anyone at any age.
People with an elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) have an increased risk of developing glaucoma. However, even people with normal pressures can develop glaucoma.
Having a thinner corneas, the clear structures at the front of the eye, has been associated with an increased risk of developing glaucoma.
Some studies have shown that having high blood pressure increases the risk of glaucoma. However, this is still controversial.
Some studies have shown that diabetes is associated with an increased risk of developing glaucoma.
If you are nearsighted or farsighted, you are at increased risk of glaucoma.
Long-term use of all forms of corticosteroids may increases the risk of glaucoma by increasing the pressure in the eye.
An eye injury may damage structures in the eye leading to impaired fluid drainage. Complications of eye surgery may also sometimes lead to glaucoma.
People with cardiovascular disease or conditions resulting in decreased blood flow to the eye may be at an increased risk of developing glaucoma.
Hypothyroidism has also been identified as a possible factor.


Ellis JD, Evans JM, et al. Glaucoma incidence in an unselected cohort of diabetic patients: is diabetes mellitus a risk factor for glaucoma? DARTS/MEMO collaboration. Diabetes Audit and Research in Tayside Study. Medicines Monitoring Unit. Br J Ophthalmol. 2000;84:1218.
Facts about glaucoma. National Eye Institute website. Available at: Accessed July 16, 2013.
Heijl A, Leske MC, et al. Reduction of intraocular pressure and glaucoma progression: results from the Early Manifest Glaucoma Trial. Arch Ophthalmol. 2002;120:1268.
Girkin CA, McGwin G Jr, et al. Hypothyroidism and the development of open-angle glaucoma in a male population. Ophthalmology. 2004;111:1649.
Open-angle glaucoma. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: Updated June 6, 2013. Accessed July 16, 2013.
What is glaucoma? Glaucoma Research Foundation website. Available at: Accessed July 16, 2013.
Who is at risk for glaucoma? American Academy of Ophthalmology website. Available at: Accessed July 16, 2013.

Revision Information

Health Library Search

Only show results from the selected categories.

Glaucoma represents a group of eye disorders that may cause damage to the optic nerve due to high intraocular pressure. Glaucoma is a degenerative eye disease and one of ...

Glaucoma describes a group of eye disorders that causes damage to the optic nerve. This degenerative eye disease is one of the leading causes of chronic blindness in the ...

3 Treatments for Glaucoma condition indepth
5 Symptoms of Glaucoma condition indepth
7 Screening for Glaucoma condition indepth
9 Resource Guide for Glaucoma condition indepth
11 Medications for Glaucoma condition indepth
12 Conditions InDepth: Glaucoma condition indepth
13 Diagnosis of Glaucoma condition indepth