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Causes of Arrhythmias (Heart Rhythm Disturbances)
Arrhythmias occur when there is a disruption in how the electrical signal develops or moves throughout the heart. Factors that can cause arrhythmias include:
- The heart's natural pacemaker (sinoatrial node) develops an abnormal rate or rhythm.
- Injury or illness makes it difficult or impossible for electrical signals to move through the heart. Injury or illness may occur due to:
- Electrical stimulation arises from abnormal areas of the heart, other than the sinoatrial node.
- Stimulants—Makes the heart beat faster even though there is no need.
- Electrolyte abnormalities—Can increase or decrease the ability for muscles to contract and change ability of nerves to send signals.
External factors that are associated with arrhythmias include:
- Illegal stimulants, such as cocaine and methedrine
- Diet pills
Some over-the-counter medications, such as cough and
- Certain prescription medications, such as those that treat cardiovascular disease, asthma, depression, or thyroid disorders.
Symptoms, diagnosis & monitoring of arrhythmia. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Arrhythmia/SymptomsDiagnosisMonitoringofArrhythmia/Symptoms-Diagnosis-Monitoring-of-Arrhythmia%5FUCM%5F002025%5FArticle.jsp. Updated October 25, 2012. Accessed March 19, 2014.
Understanding your risk for arrhythmia. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Arrhythmia/UnderstandYourRiskforArrhythmia/Understand-Your-Risk-for-Arrhythmia%5FUCM%5F002024%5FArticle.jsp. Updated October 25, 2012. Accessed March 19, 2014.
What causes an arrhythmia?
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at:
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/arr/causes.html. Updated July 1, 2011. Accessed March 19, 2014.